Lois Lane

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After graduation (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965: pts. I-II --"The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine"; "The Secret of the New Supergirl!"), Lois set out for Metropolis, determined to fulfill her "lifelong ambition" to become "the best reporter in Metropolis" (Act No. 202, Mar 1955: "Lois Lane's X-Ray Vision!").  She may have taken "a course in nursing" during this period (Act No. 191, Apr 1954: "Calling Doctor Superman!") or served a stint as a waitress at [[Harry's Dog House]] (WF No. 47, Aug/Sep 1950: "The Girl Who Hated Reporters!").  Eventually, however, she obtained employment on the [[Daily Star]] (Act No. 1, Jun 1938; and others), followed by employment on its successor in the chronicles, the ''Daily Planet'' (S No. 4/1-4, Spr 1940; Act No. 23, Apr 1940; and others).
 
After graduation (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965: pts. I-II --"The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine"; "The Secret of the New Supergirl!"), Lois set out for Metropolis, determined to fulfill her "lifelong ambition" to become "the best reporter in Metropolis" (Act No. 202, Mar 1955: "Lois Lane's X-Ray Vision!").  She may have taken "a course in nursing" during this period (Act No. 191, Apr 1954: "Calling Doctor Superman!") or served a stint as a waitress at [[Harry's Dog House]] (WF No. 47, Aug/Sep 1950: "The Girl Who Hated Reporters!").  Eventually, however, she obtained employment on the [[Daily Star]] (Act No. 1, Jun 1938; and others), followed by employment on its successor in the chronicles, the ''Daily Planet'' (S No. 4/1-4, Spr 1940; Act No. 23, Apr 1940; and others).
  
Lois Lane resides in apartment #1705 (S No. 40/1, May/Jun 1946: “The Mxyztplk-Susie Alliance!”) of the Ritz Plaza Apartments (S No. 47/2, Jul/Aug 1947: “Susie Reforms!”), an elevator apartment building (Act No. 61, Jun 1943: “The Man They Wouldn’t Believe!”) in Metropolis (S No. 47/2, Jul/Aug 1947: “Susie Reforms!”; and many others) located not far from the home of her friend and colleague Clark Kent (S No. 40/1, May/Jun 1946: “The Mxyztplk-Susie Alliance!”). Described as “a cozy little apartment that is neat as a pin,” the apartment is filled with pictures of Superman. Lois customarily rides the subway to and from work, stopping at Crump’s Market for groceries on the way home. At various times over the years, she has shared the apartment with her close friend [[Peggy Wilkins]]  (S No. 61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: “The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!”; see also Act No. 143, Apr 1950: “The Bride of Superman!”), her friend [[Lorraine Jennings]] (S No. 76/3, May/Jun 1952: “Mrs. Superman!”), her sister [[Lucy Lane]] (S No. 142/1, Jan 1961: “Lois Lane’s Secret Helper!”; and others), and journalist [[Lana Lang]] (S No. 78/3, Sep/Oct 1952: “The Girls in Superman’s Life!”; Showcase No. 9/1, Jul/Aug 1957: "The Girl in Superman's Past"), who has at times been her rival for the affections of Superman (Act No. 302, Jul 1963: “The Amazing Confession of Super-Perry White!”; and others). Lois Lane’s closest friends are [[Jimmy Olsen]], [[Perry White]], and [[Clark Kent]] (Act No. 210, Nov 1955: “Superman in Superman Land”; and many others).
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Lois Lane resides in apartment #1705 (S No. 40/1, May/Jun 1946: "The Mxyztplk-Susie Alliance!") of the Ritz Plaza Apartments (S No. 47/2, Jul/Aug 1947: "Susie Reforms!"), an elevator apartment building (Act No. 61, Jun 1943: "The Man They Wouldn't Believe!") in Metropolis (S No. 47/2, Jul/Aug 1947: "Susie Reforms!"; and many others) located not far from the home of her friend and colleague Clark Kent (S No. 40/1, May/Jun 1946: "The Mxyztplk-Susie Alliance!"). Described as "a cozy little apartment that is neat as a pin," the apartment is filled with pictures of Superman. Lois customarily rides the subway to and from work, stopping at Crump's Market for groceries on the way home. At various times over the years, she has shared the apartment with her close friend [[Peggy Wilkins]]  (S No. 61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!"; see also Act No. 143, Apr 1950: "The Bride of Superman!"), her friend [[Lorraine Jennings]] (S No. 76/3, May/Jun 1952: "Mrs. Superman!"), her sister [[Lucy Lane]] (S No. 142/1, Jan 1961: "Lois Lane's Secret Helper!"; and others), and journalist [[Lana Lang]] (S No. 78/3, Sep/Oct 1952: "The Girls in Superman's Life!"; Showcase No. 9/1, Jul/Aug 1957: "The Girl in Superman's Past"), who has at times been her rival for the affections of Superman (Act No. 302, Jul 1963: "The Amazing Confession of Super-Perry White!"; and others). Lois Lane's closest friends are [[Jimmy Olsen]], [[Perry White]], and [[Clark Kent]] (Act No. 210, Nov 1955: "Superman in Superman Land"; and many others).
  
Lois Lane has black hair, which she has worn in a wide variety of styles. She has been described as “glamorous” (S No. 34/2, May/Jun 1945: “The Canyon That Went Berserk!”), “lovely” (S No. 68/2, Jan/Feb 1951: “Lois Lane’s Royal Romance!”), and “gorgeous” (S No. 138/3, Jul 1960: “The Mermaid from Atlantis!”). In the opinion of the hero [[Hercules]], she is “as pretty as an ancient Roman goddess!” (Act No.267, Aug 1960:“Hercules in the 20th Century!”).
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Lois Lane has black hair, which she has worn in a wide variety of styles. She has been described as "glamorous" (S No. 34/2, May/Jun 1945: "The Canyon That Went Berserk!"), "lovely" (S No. 68/2, Jan/Feb 1951: "Lois Lane's Royal Romance!"), and "gorgeous" (S No. 138/3, Jul 1960: "The Mermaid from Atlantis!"). In the opinion of the hero [[Hercules]], she is "as pretty as an ancient Roman goddess!" (Act No.267, Aug 1960:"Hercules in the 20th Century!").
  
According to Superman No. 125/1, Lois Lane has a rare blood type (Nov 1958: “Lois Lane’s Super-Dream”). She adores strawberries (S No. 99/3, Aug 1955: “The Incredible Feats of Lois Lane!”) and favors “a special lipstick which has a peach flavor” (Act No. 306, Nov 1963: “The Great Superman Impersonation!”). Particularly during the 1940s, Lois displays a fondness for fashionable hats, which Clark Kent is forever making fun of (S No. 24/3, Sep/Oct 1943: “Surprise for Superman!”; and others). Practically any occasion provides Lois with an excuse for buying a new one. “My goodness!” she exclaims in January-February 1949. “The Prankster has outsmarted Superman twice in a row! I’m so upset, I’m going to buy a new hat, that always cheers me up!” (S No. 56/1: “The Prankster Picks a Partner!”).
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According to Superman No. 125/1, Lois Lane has a rare blood type (Nov 1958: "Lois Lane's Super-Dream"). She adores strawberries (S No. 99/3, Aug 1955: "The Incredible Feats of Lois Lane!") and favors "a special lipstick which has a peach flavor" (Act No. 306, Nov 1963: "The Great Superman Impersonation!"). Particularly during the 1940s, Lois displays a fondness for fashionable hats, which Clark Kent is forever making fun of (S No. 24/3, Sep/Oct 1943: "Surprise for Superman!"; and others). Practically any occasion provides Lois with an excuse for buying a new one. "My goodness!" she exclaims in January-February 1949. "The Prankster has outsmarted Superman twice in a row! I'm so upset, I'm going to buy a new hat, that always cheers me up!" (S No. 56/1: "The Prankster Picks a Partner!").
  
 
== Lois Lane's Professional Career ==
 
== Lois Lane's Professional Career ==
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[[Image:Lois1972.jpg|right]]
 
[[Image:Lois1972.jpg|right]]
  
Lois Lane is “the Daily Planet’s star woman reporter” (WF No. 47, Aug/Sep 1950: “The Girl Who Hated Reporters!”), ranking alongside Clark Kent in the Daily Planet’s reportorial hierarchy. Described as the newspaper’s “sob sister” (S No.7/1, Nov Dec 1940; and others) and as its lovelorn columnist (Act No. 44, Jan 1942; and others) in many early texts, Lois Lane has risen through the journalistic ranks to become one of the Daily Planet’s “star reporters” (S No.27/1, Mar/Apr 1941; “The Palace of Perilous Play!”; and others) and, with [[Clark Kent]], one of the newspaper’s “two brightest satellites” (S No. 26/2, Jan/Feb 1944: “Comedians’ Holiday!”). Particularly adept at covering local news (S No. 44/3, Jan/Feb 1947: “Shakespeare’s Ghost Writer!”), she has performed the full range of journalistic duties, including stints as wan correspondent (Act No. 23, Apr 1940); weather editor, described as “one of the lowliest jobs on any newspaper” (WF No. 25, Nov 1946: "Mad Weather in Metropolis!” see also WF No. 51, Apr/May: “The Amazing Talents of Lois Lane!”); question and answer editor and head of the lost and found department (WF No.51, Apr/May 1951: “The Amazing Talents of Lois Lane!”); editor of the Daily Planet’s Paris edition (Act No. 203, Apr’55: “The International Daily Planet staff cartoonist (Act No. 72, Jan 1961: “Superman’s Rival, Mental Man!”); and “acting editor” in the absence of editor [[Perry White]] (S No.1 124/1, Sep 1958: “The Super-Sword!).
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Lois Lane is "the Daily Planet's star woman reporter" (WF No. 47, Aug/Sep 1950: "The Girl Who Hated Reporters!"), ranking alongside Clark Kent in the Daily Planet's reportorial hierarchy. Described as the newspaper's "sob sister" (S No.7/1, Nov Dec 1940; and others) and as its lovelorn columnist (Act No. 44, Jan 1942; and others) in many early texts, Lois Lane has risen through the journalistic ranks to become one of the Daily Planet's "star reporters" (S No.27/1, Mar/Apr 1941; "The Palace of Perilous Play!"; and others) and, with [[Clark Kent]], one of the newspaper's "two brightest satellites" (S No. 26/2, Jan/Feb 1944: "Comedians' Holiday!"). Particularly adept at covering local news (S No. 44/3, Jan/Feb 1947: "Shakespeare's Ghost Writer!"), she has performed the full range of journalistic duties, including stints as wan correspondent (Act No. 23, Apr 1940); weather editor, described as "one of the lowliest jobs on any newspaper" (WF No. 25, Nov 1946: "Mad Weather in Metropolis!" see also WF No. 51, Apr/May: "The Amazing Talents of Lois Lane!"); question and answer editor and head of the lost and found department (WF No.51, Apr/May 1951: "The Amazing Talents of Lois Lane!"); editor of the Daily Planet's Paris edition (Act No. 203, Apr'55: "The International Daily Planet staff cartoonist (Act No. 72, Jan 1961: "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!"); and "acting editor" in the absence of editor [[Perry White]] (S No.1 124/1, Sep 1958: "The Super-Sword!).
  
The texts describe Lois Lane as a “courageous girl reporter” (Act No. 27, Aug 1940), a “glamorous girl reporter” (S No. 34 2, May/Jun 1945: “The Canyon That Went Berserk!”), “a competent reporter who’s always on the job” (S No. 61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: “The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!”), “one of Metropolis’s smartest reporters” (S No. 68/2, Jan/Feb 1951: “Lois Lane’s Royal Romance!”), the “star girl reporter for the Daily Planet” (Act No. 172, Sep 1952: “Lois Lane…Witch!”), the “audacious girl reporter of the Daily Planet” (Act No. 189, Feb 1954: “Clark Kent’s New Mother and Father!”), “the prettiest girl reporter in Metropolis” (Act No. 195, Aug 1954: “Lois Lane Wanted!”), a “well-known newspaperwoman” (S No. 109 Nov 1956: “The Puppet with X-Ray Eyes”), and a “famous reporter” (Act No. 225, Feb 1957: “The Death of Superman”).
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The texts describe Lois Lane as a "courageous girl reporter" (Act No. 27, Aug 1940), a "glamorous girl reporter" (S No. 34 2, May/Jun 1945: "The Canyon That Went Berserk!"), "a competent reporter who's always on the job" (S No. 61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!"), "one of Metropolis's smartest reporters" (S No. 68/2, Jan/Feb 1951: "Lois Lane's Royal Romance!"), the "star girl reporter for the Daily Planet" (Act No. 172, Sep 1952: "Lois Lane...Witch!"), the "audacious girl reporter of the Daily Planet" (Act No. 189, Feb 1954: "Clark Kent's New Mother and Father!"), "the prettiest girl reporter in Metropolis" (Act No. 195, Aug 1954: "Lois Lane Wanted!"), a "well-known newspaperwoman" (S No. 109 Nov 1956: "The Puppet with X-Ray Eyes"), and a "famous reporter" (Act No. 225, Feb 1957: "The Death of Superman").
  
Lois Lane is also referred to as “Clark Kent’s rival reporter at the Daily Planet” (Act No. 176, Jan 1953: “Muscles for Money”). Indeed, the rivalry between these “two famed reporters” (Act No. 58, Mar 1943: “The Face of Adonis!”) is a keen one. Lois, in particular, is fiercely, sometimes unscrupulously, competitive, resorting to such tactics as intercepting Kent’s telephone messages (S No. 14, Jan/Feb 1942; and others), sending him off on wild-goose chases (Act No. 5, Oct 1938; and others), and even seducing him into letting her accompany him on an interview and then slipping knockout drops into his drink so that she can cover the story alone(Act No.6, Nov 1938).  
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Lois Lane is also referred to as "Clark Kent's rival reporter at the Daily Planet" (Act No. 176, Jan 1953: "Muscles for Money"). Indeed, the rivalry between these "two famed reporters" (Act No. 58, Mar 1943: "The Face of Adonis!") is a keen one. Lois, in particular, is fiercely, sometimes unscrupulously, competitive, resorting to such tactics as intercepting Kent's telephone messages (S No. 14, Jan/Feb 1942; and others), sending him off on wild-goose chases (Act No. 5, Oct 1938; and others), and even seducing him into letting her accompany him on an interview and then slipping knockout drops into his drink so that she can cover the story alone(Act No.6, Nov 1938).  
  
Although, particularly after 1940, Lois Lane and Clark Kent develop a friendly working relationship and frequently cover news assignments together, their reportorial rivalry has remained a heated one for four full decades and continues to constitute one of the major themes of the chronicles. The texts repeatedly refer to them as the Daily Planet’s “best reporters” (S No. 44/1, Jan/Feb 1947: “Playthings of Peril!”), its “star reporters” (S No. 27/1, Mar/Apr 1944:
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Although, particularly after 1940, Lois Lane and Clark Kent develop a friendly working relationship and frequently cover news assignments together, their reportorial rivalry has remained a heated one for four full decades and continues to constitute one of the major themes of the chronicles. The texts repeatedly refer to them as the Daily Planet's "best reporters" (S No. 44/1, Jan/Feb 1947: "Playthings of Peril!"), its "star reporters" (S No. 27/1, Mar/Apr 1944:
"The Palace of Perilous Play!”; and others), and as the “two best-known reporters” in Metropolis (WF No. 23, Jan/Aug 1946: “The Colossus of Metropolis!”).  
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"The Palace of Perilous Play!"; and others), and as the "two best-known reporters" in Metropolis (WF No. 23, Jan/Aug 1946: "The Colossus of Metropolis!").  
  
 
In the largest sense, however, the Lane-Kent reportorial rivalry is a sham, for the headline stories for which they compete so assiduously are invariably stories about Superman, and the outcome of the contest to see which of them can publish a particular story first is just as invariably determined by whether Superman decides to give Lois Lane an exclusive account or to write it up himself as reporter Clark Kent. (TGSB)
 
In the largest sense, however, the Lane-Kent reportorial rivalry is a sham, for the headline stories for which they compete so assiduously are invariably stories about Superman, and the outcome of the contest to see which of them can publish a particular story first is just as invariably determined by whether Superman decides to give Lois Lane an exclusive account or to write it up himself as reporter Clark Kent. (TGSB)
  
Nevertheless, “newspaper reporting is [Lane’s] first love” (S No. 58/2, May/Jun 1949: “Lois Lane Loves Clark Kent!”), and she is capable of “running any risk to get a scoop story (WF No. 84, May/Jun 1953: “The Death of Lois Lane”). “… I guess I’ve got printer’s ink in my veins,” muses Lois in November-December 1946 (“Lois Lane, Actress!”).
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Nevertheless, "newspaper reporting is [Lane's] first love" (S No. 58/2, May/Jun 1949: "Lois Lane Loves Clark Kent!"), and she is capable of "running any risk to get a scoop story (WF No. 84, May/Jun 1953: "The Death of Lois Lane"). "... I guess I've got printer's ink in my veins," muses Lois in November-December 1946 ("Lois Lane, Actress!").
  
Indeed, Lois Lane is renowned “throughout the world” for her “courage and ingenuity in getting scoops” (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965:”The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine!”; “The Secret of the New Supergirl”), and her “mania for scoops” or “scoop craziness”, has tended to lead her to do almost anything in pursuit of a hot story. In the course of a journalistic career that has spanned four decades, she has scaled [[Mount Everest]] (S No. 49/2, Nov/Dec 1947: “Clark Kent’s Most Dangerous Assignment!”); worked as a trapeze artist (S No. 63 Mar/Apr 1950: “Miss Metropolis of 1950”) and as a private detective (WF No. 45, Apr/May 1950: “Lois Lane and Clark Kent, Detectives!”); journeyed to sunken [[Atlantis]] (S No. 67/2, Nov/Dec 1950: “The City Under the Sea") and explored the planet [[Venus]] (Act No. 152, Jan 1951: “The Sleep That Lasted 1000 Years”); worked as a policewoman (S No. 84 Sep/Oct 1953: “Lois Lane, Policewoman!”) and joined the [[WACS]] (S No. 82/1, May/Jun 1953: “Lois Lane Joins the WACS”); journeyed into outer space as one of the passengers aboard America’s first manned spaceship (Act No. 242, Jul 1958: “The Super-Duel in Space”); and been launched alone into Earth orbit in an experimental satellite after being designated “America’s first female astronaut” by the National Astronautic Space Administration (S No. 165, Nov 1963: “Beauty and the Super-Beast” and “Circe’s Super Slave!”).
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Indeed, Lois Lane is renowned "throughout the world" for her "courage and ingenuity in getting scoops" (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965:"The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine!"; "The Secret of the New Supergirl"), and her "mania for scoops" or "scoop craziness", has tended to lead her to do almost anything in pursuit of a hot story. In the course of a journalistic career that has spanned four decades, she has scaled [[Mount Everest]] (S No. 49/2, Nov/Dec 1947: "Clark Kent's Most Dangerous Assignment!"); worked as a trapeze artist (S No. 63 Mar/Apr 1950: "Miss Metropolis of 1950") and as a private detective (WF No. 45, Apr/May 1950: "Lois Lane and Clark Kent, Detectives!"); journeyed to sunken [[Atlantis]] (S No. 67/2, Nov/Dec 1950: "The City Under the Sea") and explored the planet [[Venus]] (Act No. 152, Jan 1951: "The Sleep That Lasted 1000 Years"); worked as a policewoman (S No. 84 Sep/Oct 1953: "Lois Lane, Policewoman!") and joined the [[WACS]] (S No. 82/1, May/Jun 1953: "Lois Lane Joins the WACS"); journeyed into outer space as one of the passengers aboard America's first manned spaceship (Act No. 242, Jul 1958: "The Super-Duel in Space"); and been launched alone into Earth orbit in an experimental satellite after being designated "America's first female astronaut" by the National Astronautic Space Administration (S No. 165, Nov 1963: "Beauty and the Super-Beast" and "Circe's Super Slave!").
  
In recognition of her unexcelled work as a reporter, Lois Lane has received numerous awards, including “the annual trophy for prize reporting,” awarded to her at a “newspapermen’s banquet” in Metropolis Hall in May-June 1950, and an honorary professor ship in journalism at [[Quinn College]] (S No. 64/1: “Professor Lois Lane!”); the coveted Wilson Award, awarded to her by “well-known civic leader” [[Cyrus Wilson]] in March 1952 for being “the bravest reporter of the year” (Act No. 166: “The Three Scoops of Death!”); and the highly regarded Metropolis Journalism Award, awarded to her in July-August 1953 as Metropolis’s most outstanding reporter (WF No. 65; “The Confessions of Superman!”). In May-June 1950, Lois Lane is chosen Metropolis’s “Queen of Charities” in recognition of “her many helpful newspaper stories” on behalf of philanthropic causes (S No.64 2: “The Isle of Giant Insects!”), and in July-August 1953, she is chosen as “the bravest woman in America” in a contest sponsored by the Daily Planet (S No. 83/2: “The Search for the Bravest Woman!”).
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In recognition of her unexcelled work as a reporter, Lois Lane has received numerous awards, including "the annual trophy for prize reporting," awarded to her at a "newspapermen's banquet" in Metropolis Hall in May-June 1950, and an honorary professor ship in journalism at [[Quinn College]] (S No. 64/1: "Professor Lois Lane!"); the coveted Wilson Award, awarded to her by "well-known civic leader" [[Cyrus Wilson]] in March 1952 for being "the bravest reporter of the year" (Act No. 166: "The Three Scoops of Death!"); and the highly regarded Metropolis Journalism Award, awarded to her in July-August 1953 as Metropolis's most outstanding reporter (WF No. 65; "The Confessions of Superman!"). In May-June 1950, Lois Lane is chosen Metropolis's "Queen of Charities" in recognition of "her many helpful newspaper stories" on behalf of philanthropic causes (S No.64 2: "The Isle of Giant Insects!"), and in July-August 1953, she is chosen as "the bravest woman in America" in a contest sponsored by the Daily Planet (S No. 83/2: "The Search for the Bravest Woman!").
  
 
== Lois Lane's other activities ==
 
== Lois Lane's other activities ==
  
In addition to her work at the Daily Planet, Lois Lane is involved in a myriad of other activities. She is chairman of [[The Super-Saved Club]] (WF No. 41, Jul/Aug 1949: “The Discovery of Supermanium!”) and the [[Super Sorority]] (Act No. 235, Dec 1957: “The Super-Prisoner of Amazon Island”), is the “champion dart-thrower of [her] club” (S No. 143/2, Feb 1961: “Lois Lane’s Lucky Day!”), and has a “regular weekly broadcast” on Metropolis radio station [[WCOD]] (S No. 61/1, Nov/Dec 1949: “The Prankster’s Radio Program!”). In addition, Lois Lane has served as a beauty-contest judge (S No. 45/3, Mar/Apr 1947: “The Case of the Living Trophies!”) and portrayed herself [[Charles Lamont]]'s movie The Life of Superman (S No. 70/2, May/Jun 1951: “The Life of Superman!”).
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In addition to her work at the Daily Planet, Lois Lane is involved in a myriad of other activities. She is chairman of [[The Super-Saved Club]] (WF No. 41, Jul/Aug 1949: "The Discovery of Supermanium!") and the [[Super Sorority]] (Act No. 235, Dec 1957: "The Super-Prisoner of Amazon Island"), is the "champion dart-thrower of [her] club" (S No. 143/2, Feb 1961: "Lois Lane's Lucky Day!"), and has a "regular weekly broadcast" on Metropolis radio station [[WCOD]] (S No. 61/1, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Prankster's Radio Program!"). In addition, Lois Lane has served as a beauty-contest judge (S No. 45/3, Mar/Apr 1947: "The Case of the Living Trophies!") and portrayed herself [[Charles Lamont]]'s movie The Life of Superman (S No. 70/2, May/Jun 1951: "The Life of Superman!").
  
 
== Lois Lane's obsession with uncovering Superman's secret identity ==
 
== Lois Lane's obsession with uncovering Superman's secret identity ==
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Perhaps the only major news story that has consistently eluded Lois Lane is the secret of
 
Perhaps the only major news story that has consistently eluded Lois Lane is the secret of
Superman’s dual identity, although the texts are inconsistent on the question of whether Lois Lane would actually publish the secret if she were to learn it (S No. 75/3, Mar/Apr 1952: “The Man Who Stole Memories!”; and others) or whether she would keep the secret to herself in order to avoid damaging the [[Man of Steel]]’s super-heroic career.
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Superman's dual identity, although the texts are inconsistent on the question of whether Lois Lane would actually publish the secret if she were to learn it (S No. 75/3, Mar/Apr 1952: "The Man Who Stole Memories!"; and others) or whether she would keep the secret to herself in order to avoid damaging the [[Man of Steel]]'s super-heroic career.
  
Clark Kent expresses his own opinion on the question in March 1952: "If Lois exposes my secret identity,” he muses, “it will give her the world’s greatest scoop! She couldn’t resist that!” (S No. 75/3: “The Man Who Stole Memories!”).
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Clark Kent expresses his own opinion on the question in March 1952: "If Lois exposes my secret identity," he muses, "it will give her the world's greatest scoop! She couldn't resist that!" (S No. 75/3: "The Man Who Stole Memories!").
  
Although Lois Lane first meets Superman in June 1938 (Act No. 1), it is not until June 1940 that she expresses even a mild interest in learning his secret identity (Act No. 25), and not until November-December 1940 that she expresses a real desire to ferret it out (S No. 7/2). In July-August 1941, for the first time in the chronicles, Lois Lane raises the possibility that Clark Kent might possibly be Superman (S No. 11/1), but not until .July-August 1942 does she actively begin to suspect “that Clark Kent and Superman are one and the same!” (S No. 17/1: “Man or Superman?”). Since that time, the discovery of Superman’s secret identity has remained one of Lois Lane’s constant preoccupations, and her efforts to learn the secret constitute one of the major themes of the chronicles. Despite her persistent efforts to verify her suspicion that Clark Kent is secretly Superman, however, the Man of Steel has always managed, often through the use of elaborate ruses, to persuade her that her suspicions were groundless, or at the very least not conclusively proven.
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Although Lois Lane first meets Superman in June 1938 (Act No. 1), it is not until June 1940 that she expresses even a mild interest in learning his secret identity (Act No. 25), and not until November-December 1940 that she expresses a real desire to ferret it out (S No. 7/2). In July-August 1941, for the first time in the chronicles, Lois Lane raises the possibility that Clark Kent might possibly be Superman (S No. 11/1), but not until .July-August 1942 does she actively begin to suspect "that Clark Kent and Superman are one and the same!" (S No. 17/1: "Man or Superman?"). Since that time, the discovery of Superman's secret identity has remained one of Lois Lane's constant preoccupations, and her efforts to learn the secret constitute one of the major themes of the chronicles. Despite her persistent efforts to verify her suspicion that Clark Kent is secretly Superman, however, the Man of Steel has always managed, often through the use of elaborate ruses, to persuade her that her suspicions were groundless, or at the very least not conclusively proven.
  
 
By the time of the 1970s chronicles, however, Lois Lane comes to discard this obssession as an inconsiderate invasion of Superman's privacy.
 
By the time of the 1970s chronicles, however, Lois Lane comes to discard this obssession as an inconsiderate invasion of Superman's privacy.
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[[Image:Feministlois.jpg|left]]
 
[[Image:Feministlois.jpg|left]]
In the texts, Lois Lane is described as “courageous” (Act No. 27, Aug 1940), “headstrong” (Act No. 43, Dec 1941), “reckless” and “stubborn” (Act No. 122, Jul 1948: “The Super Sideshow!”), “audacious” (WF No. 64, May/Jun 1953:"The Death of Lois Lane”), “impetuous” and “impulsive” (Act No. 262, Mar 1960: “When Superman Lost His Powers!”), and “inquisitive” (Act No. 269, Oct 1960: “The Truth Mirror!”). She is outspoken, sometimes to the point of abrasiveness, in defense of her convictions (S No. 16/4, May/Jun 1942: “Racket on Delivery”; and others), and she is adored by her co-workers for her “heart of gold”(WF No. 36, Sep/Oct 1948: “Lois Lane, Sleeping Beauty”). "That Lane dame has more spunk,” remarks an anonymous helicopter pilot in November 1963, “than a squad of marines!” (S No. 165/1: pts. I-II—”Beauty and the Super-Beast!”; “Circe’s Super-Slave”).
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In the texts, Lois Lane is described as "courageous" (Act No. 27, Aug 1940), "headstrong" (Act No. 43, Dec 1941), "reckless" and "stubborn" (Act No. 122, Jul 1948: "The Super Sideshow!"), "audacious" (WF No. 64, May/Jun 1953:"The Death of Lois Lane"), "impetuous" and "impulsive" (Act No. 262, Mar 1960: "When Superman Lost His Powers!"), and "inquisitive" (Act No. 269, Oct 1960: "The Truth Mirror!"). She is outspoken, sometimes to the point of abrasiveness, in defense of her convictions (S No. 16/4, May/Jun 1942: "Racket on Delivery"; and others), and she is adored by her co-workers for her "heart of gold"(WF No. 36, Sep/Oct 1948: "Lois Lane, Sleeping Beauty"). "That Lane dame has more spunk," remarks an anonymous helicopter pilot in November 1963, "than a squad of marines!" (S No. 165/1: pts. I-II—"Beauty and the Super-Beast!"; "Circe's Super-Slave").
  
Lois Lane has always harbored strong convictions concerning the equality, if not outright superiority, of women, and has bridled at the suggestion that any reportorial assignment, no matter how hazardous, is “no job for a girl!” (Act No. 5, Oct 1938; and others). These convictions could easily be regarded as hypocritical in light of the constant professional assistance that Lois receives from Superman, but Lois has no apparent difficulty resolving the discrepancy between her independent views and her frequently dependent behavior. In March 1951, for example, when she is on the verge of being disqualified from a Daily Planet sponsored contest designed to determine “who’s more able to live alone under primitive conditions: the man or the woman” because of her having accepted unauthorized assistance from Superman, Lois makes this remark: “Wait...! admit getting help from Superman, but.. .that actually proves women’s superiority! Don’t you see?. ..Women’s strength has lain in their ability to get men to help them!” It is a tribute to Lois Lane’s persuasive powers that the judges on this occasion withdraw their threat of disqualification and declare her the winner (Act No. 154: “Miss Robinson Crusoe!”).
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Lois Lane has always harbored strong convictions concerning the equality, if not outright superiority, of women, and has bridled at the suggestion that any reportorial assignment, no matter how hazardous, is "no job for a girl!" (Act No. 5, Oct 1938; and others). These convictions could easily be regarded as hypocritical in light of the constant professional assistance that Lois receives from Superman, but Lois has no apparent difficulty resolving the discrepancy between her independent views and her frequently dependent behavior. In March 1951, for example, when she is on the verge of being disqualified from a Daily Planet sponsored contest designed to determine "who's more able to live alone under primitive conditions: the man or the woman" because of her having accepted unauthorized assistance from Superman, Lois makes this remark: "Wait...! admit getting help from Superman, but.. .that actually proves women's superiority! Don't you see?. ..Women's strength has lain in their ability to get men to help them!" It is a tribute to Lois Lane's persuasive powers that the judges on this occasion withdraw their threat of disqualification and declare her the winner (Act No. 154: "Miss Robinson Crusoe!").
  
  
== Lois Lane’s penchant for getting into trouble ==
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== Lois Lane's penchant for getting into trouble ==
  
 
[[Image:Loisindanger.jpg|right]]
 
[[Image:Loisindanger.jpg|right]]
Because Lois Lane is fearless to the point of foolhardiness (S No. 21/2, Mar/Apr 1943: “The Four Gang leaders”; and many others), she is forever getting into serious trouble from which only Superman can extricate her, something the Man of Steel has done on easily a thousand occasions. In the words of Superman No. 4 1/2:
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Because Lois Lane is fearless to the point of foolhardiness (S No. 21/2, Mar/Apr 1943: "The Four Gang leaders"; and many others), she is forever getting into serious trouble from which only Superman can extricate her, something the Man of Steel has done on easily a thousand occasions. In the words of Superman No. 4 1/2:
  
''If Superman had a medal for every time he’s rescued Lois Lane, he’d have enough metal to build a battleship, for, as all Metropolis knows, these rescues have run the gamut from bandits to burning buildings. Extricating Lois from trouble has become daily routine for Superman! (Jul/Aug 1946: “Clark Kent’s Bodyguard!”).''
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''If Superman had a medal for every time he's rescued Lois Lane, he'd have enough metal to build a battleship, for, as all Metropolis knows, these rescues have run the gamut from bandits to burning buildings. Extricating Lois from trouble has become daily routine for Superman! (Jul/Aug 1946: "Clark Kent's Bodyguard!").''
  
Lois Lane’s penchant for “getting into trouble” is alluded to in the chronicles repeatedly. In May-June 1941 Clark Kent describes it as her “favorite sport” S No. 10/3), and in November-December 1952 he muses that Lois “has a genius for getting into trouble!” (S No. 79/2: “The End of the Planet!”).
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Lois Lane's penchant for "getting into trouble" is alluded to in the chronicles repeatedly. In May-June 1941 Clark Kent describes it as her "favorite sport" S No. 10/3), and in November-December 1952 he muses that Lois "has a genius for getting into trouble!" (S No. 79/2: "The End of the Planet!").
  
“I can’t get to sleep—worrying about Lois,” thinks Clark Kent to himself in Spring 1942, “...she has a better aptitude for getting into trouble than anyone I’ve ever known.“ (WF No. 5: ‘The Case of the Flying Castle”).
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"I can't get to sleep—worrying about Lois," thinks Clark Kent to himself in Spring 1942, "...she has a better aptitude for getting into trouble than anyone I've ever known." (WF No. 5: 'The Case of the Flying Castle").
  
“If anything happened to Lois,” observes Superman wryly in July-August 1942, “I’d have to join the ranks of the unemployed!” (S No. 17/1: “Man or Superman?”).
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"If anything happened to Lois," observes Superman wryly in July-August 1942, "I'd have to join the ranks of the unemployed!" (S No. 17/1: "Man or Superman?").
  
 
And Superman No. 104/1 contains this comment:
 
And Superman No. 104/1 contains this comment:
''“Lois Lane seems to have a natural talent for trouble! How often her busy little brain gets her into scrapes where only the Man of Steel can save her!” (Mar 1956:  “Lois Lane, Super-Genius”).''
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''"Lois Lane seems to have a natural talent for trouble! How often her busy little brain gets her into scrapes where only the Man of Steel can save her!" (Mar 1956:  "Lois Lane, Super-Genius").''
  
 
When Lois Lane does find herself in jeopardy, it is usually for one of the following reasons:  
 
When Lois Lane does find herself in jeopardy, it is usually for one of the following reasons:  
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*(d) Evildoers attempt to harm Lois as an indirect means of wreaking vengeance on Superman.
 
*(d) Evildoers attempt to harm Lois as an indirect means of wreaking vengeance on Superman.
  
Early on, however, Lois Lane comes to realize that she is under Superman’s personal protection and that, no matter how dire her predicament, the Man of Steel will always arrive in time to rescue her. This knowledge has nurtured in Lois a flamboyant self-confidence that borders on the ridiculous.
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Early on, however, Lois Lane comes to realize that she is under Superman's personal protection and that, no matter how dire her predicament, the Man of Steel will always arrive in time to rescue her. This knowledge has nurtured in Lois a flamboyant self-confidence that borders on the ridiculous.
  
“For a girl who is in serious danger, you appear singularly unconcerned,” remarks the [[Talon]], after he has taken Lois Lane captive in July-August 1942. “Why should I worry,” replies Lois smugly, “when Superman has made it his full-time activity to look after helpless me?” (S No. 17/1: “Man or Superman?”).
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"For a girl who is in serious danger, you appear singularly unconcerned," remarks the [[Talon]], after he has taken Lois Lane captive in July-August 1942. "Why should I worry," replies Lois smugly, "when Superman has made it his full-time activity to look after helpless me?" (S No. 17/1: "Man or Superman?").
  
“Luthor will probably kill you the minute he gets here,” exclaims one of Lex Luthor’s henchmen to a cocky Lois on another, similar occasion, “…yet you have the nerve to grin.” “Why shouldn’t I?” replies Lois with a smile. “Superman has always managed to show up and save me whenever I was in trouble! I’m sure he won’t fail me now!” (S No. 17/4, Jul/Aug ‘42: “When Titans Clash!”).
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"Luthor will probably kill you the minute he gets here," exclaims one of Lex Luthor's henchmen to a cocky Lois on another, similar occasion, "...yet you have the nerve to grin." "Why shouldn't I?" replies Lois with a smile. "Superman has always managed to show up and save me whenever I was in trouble! I'm sure he won't fail me now!" (S No. 17/4, Jul/Aug '42: "When Titans Clash!").
  
It is this same reckless self-confidence that informs Lois’s response on another occasion, in July- August 1943, after she has been taken captive by a hoodlum in the pay of the [[Dude]]. “I don’t understand you, lady,” remarks the hoodlum. “You should be scared stiff, but you act like you’re going to a lawn party!” “Why shouldn’t I be cheerful?” laughs Lois. “Just think of the big scoop I’m going to score!” (S No. 23/3: “Fashions in Crime!”).
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It is this same reckless self-confidence that informs Lois's response on another occasion, in July- August 1943, after she has been taken captive by a hoodlum in the pay of the [[Dude]]. "I don't understand you, lady," remarks the hoodlum. "You should be scared stiff, but you act like you're going to a lawn party!" "Why shouldn't I be cheerful?" laughs Lois. "Just think of the big scoop I'm going to score!" (S No. 23/3: "Fashions in Crime!").
  
In the early years of her career, Lois Lane frequently carries a small pistol in her purse, both for self-defense and for extorting information from criminals (Act No. 43, Dec 1941; and others). She has apparently abandoned the practice; however, by the end of 1942, perhaps because Superman’s constant intervention on her behalf rendered the pistol superfluous.
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In the early years of her career, Lois Lane frequently carries a small pistol in her purse, both for self-defense and for extorting information from criminals (Act No. 43, Dec 1941; and others). She has apparently abandoned the practice; however, by the end of 1942, perhaps because Superman's constant intervention on her behalf rendered the pistol superfluous.
  
 
By the 1970s, Lois Lane eventually learned the Kryptonian marital art of [[Klurkor]] in the city of [[Kandor]] and became formidable in hand-to-hand combat.  This skill served her well in later solo accounts chronicled in ''Superman Family'' where her independent investigations led to her defeating numerous criminals without Superman's intervention being necessary.
 
By the 1970s, Lois Lane eventually learned the Kryptonian marital art of [[Klurkor]] in the city of [[Kandor]] and became formidable in hand-to-hand combat.  This skill served her well in later solo accounts chronicled in ''Superman Family'' where her independent investigations led to her defeating numerous criminals without Superman's intervention being necessary.
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== The Men of the Chronicles ==
 
== The Men of the Chronicles ==
 
[[Image:Loisboyfriends.jpg|left]]
 
[[Image:Loisboyfriends.jpg|left]]
“Everyone knows that the one love of Lois Lane’s life is ...Superman!” (S No.61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: “The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!”). Indeed, her most heartfelt desire is to become his bride. For years, observes Action Comics No. 206, "the girl reporter has had her heart set upon becoming Mrs. Superman!” (Jan 1960: "Mighty Maid”).
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"Everyone knows that the one love of Lois Lane's life is ...Superman!" (S No.61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!"). Indeed, her most heartfelt desire is to become his bride. For years, observes Action Comics No. 206, "the girl reporter has had her heart set upon becoming Mrs. Superman!" (Jan 1960: "Mighty Maid").
  
Although Lois has tried innumerable ploys to get Superman to marry her, however, and has even come within a hair’s breadth of success on several occasions, she has not yet succeeded despite decades of effort in raising her status beyond that of Superman’s girl friend (Act No. 75, Aug 1944: Aesop’s Modem Fable,”; and many others). Nevertheless Lois Lane’s relationship with Superman in his role as Superman and in his role as Clark Kent, remains an intricate and complex one and constitutes one of the major themes of the chronicles (TGSB).
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Although Lois has tried innumerable ploys to get Superman to marry her, however, and has even come within a hair's breadth of success on several occasions, she has not yet succeeded despite decades of effort in raising her status beyond that of Superman's girl friend (Act No. 75, Aug 1944: Aesop's Modem Fable,"; and many others). Nevertheless Lois Lane's relationship with Superman in his role as Superman and in his role as Clark Kent, remains an intricate and complex one and constitutes one of the major themes of the chronicles (TGSB).
  
Lois Lane is fiercely loyal to Superman. She is his staunchest supporter and most ardent fan. She is constantly seeing to it that he receives the fullest measure of public credit for his many good deeds (S No. 16, May/Jun 1942: ‘‘The World’s Meanest Man’’; and many others), and she almost always retains her faith in him even when, for the moment, his motives are suspect or his actions unpopular (WF No.6, Sum 1942: Man of Steel versus Man of Metal!’’; and many others). "...of all Superman’s fans,” notes Superman No.67, Lois Lane has been the most loyal. nay, at times even fanatic!” (Nov/Dec 1950: "Perry Como, I Love You!”), There have indeed been occasions when Superman’s character and integrity were so gravely in doubt that even Lois Lane has temporarily lost faith in him (Act No. 75, Jan 1953: "Muscles for Money”; and others), but these occasions have been few and far between and should not be considered as detracting from Lois’s fundamental loyalty.
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Lois Lane is fiercely loyal to Superman. She is his staunchest supporter and most ardent fan. She is constantly seeing to it that he receives the fullest measure of public credit for his many good deeds (S No. 16, May/Jun 1942: "The World's Meanest Man''; and many others), and she almost always retains her faith in him even when, for the moment, his motives are suspect or his actions unpopular (WF No.6, Sum 1942: Man of Steel versus Man of Metal!''; and many others). "...of all Superman's fans," notes Superman No.67, Lois Lane has been the most loyal. nay, at times even fanatic!" (Nov/Dec 1950: "Perry Como, I Love You!"), There have indeed been occasions when Superman's character and integrity were so gravely in doubt that even Lois Lane has temporarily lost faith in him (Act No. 75, Jan 1953: "Muscles for Money"; and others), but these occasions have been few and far between and should not be considered as detracting from Lois's fundamental loyalty.
  
For years, Lois Lane has maintained scrapbooks containing pictures and accounts of Superman’s exploits (S No. 17, Jul/Aug 1942: “Man or Superman?”; and others), one of which she presents to the [[Man of Steel]] as a gift in July-August 1947 (WF No. 29: "The Books That Couldn’t He Bound!”). In July-August 1943, she remarks that she is in the process of writing a novel based on her experiences with Superman, but it is not possible to determine whether the work has ever been published (S No. 23/2 ‘‘Habitual Homicide’). In January-February 1947, Lois Lane assists Superman in the writing of his autobiography which is published soon afterward by [[Benny Call]] under the title '''The Confessions of Superman''' (WF No. 26: “The Confessions of Superman”) Lois Lane has also maintained a personal diary for many years, containing, among other things, an intimate account of her relationship with Superman (S No. 27, Mar/Apr 1944: “Dear Diary”). The diary is kept for safekeeping inside safe-deposit box #113 at the Metropolis Bank (S No. 68, Jan/Feb 1951: “Lois Lane’s Royal Romancer”). Superman, for his part, has memorialized his relationship with Lois Lane by dedicating a room to her in his [[Fortress of Solitude]] (Act No. 241 Jun: “The Super-Key to Fort Superman” and others). The Fortress also houses at least one Lois Lane robot (Act No 269, Oct 1960: “The Truth Mirror!).
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For years, Lois Lane has maintained scrapbooks containing pictures and accounts of Superman's exploits (S No. 17, Jul/Aug 1942: "Man or Superman?"; and others), one of which she presents to the [[Man of Steel]] as a gift in July-August 1947 (WF No. 29: "The Books That Couldn't He Bound!"). In July-August 1943, she remarks that she is in the process of writing a novel based on her experiences with Superman, but it is not possible to determine whether the work has ever been published (S No. 23/2 "Habitual Homicide'). In January-February 1947, Lois Lane assists Superman in the writing of his autobiography which is published soon afterward by [[Benny Call]] under the title '''The Confessions of Superman''' (WF No. 26: "The Confessions of Superman") Lois Lane has also maintained a personal diary for many years, containing, among other things, an intimate account of her relationship with Superman (S No. 27, Mar/Apr 1944: "Dear Diary"). The diary is kept for safekeeping inside safe-deposit box #113 at the Metropolis Bank (S No. 68, Jan/Feb 1951: "Lois Lane's Royal Romancer"). Superman, for his part, has memorialized his relationship with Lois Lane by dedicating a room to her in his [[Fortress of Solitude]] (Act No. 241 Jun: "The Super-Key to Fort Superman" and others). The Fortress also houses at least one Lois Lane robot (Act No 269, Oct 1960: "The Truth Mirror!).
  
Despite her renowned involvement, with Superman, however, Lois Lane has been ardently pursued by many other men, including [[Craig Shaw]] (Act No. 61, Jun 1943: “The Man They Wouldn’t Believe!”), [[Mr. Mxyzptlk]] (S No.51, Mar/Apr 1945: “Mr. Mxyzptlk Seeks a Wife!”), [[Stephen Van Schuyler III]] (S No. 55, Nov/Dec 1949: “The Richest Man in the World!’’) [[King Harrup II]] (S No. 68, Jan/Feb: “Lois Lane’s Royal Romance!’’), [[Bizarro]] (Act No. 254, Jul 1959: “The Battle with Bizarro!”), [[Hercules]] (Act No. 267, Aug 1960:”Hercules in the 20th Century!”), and [[Brett Rand]] (S No. 139, Aug 1960: ‘‘The New Life of Super-Merman”).  
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Despite her renowned involvement, with Superman, however, Lois Lane has been ardently pursued by many other men, including [[Craig Shaw]] (Act No. 61, Jun 1943: "The Man They Wouldn't Believe!"), [[Mr. Mxyzptlk]] (S No.51, Mar/Apr 1945: "Mr. Mxyzptlk Seeks a Wife!"), [[Stephen Van Schuyler III]] (S No. 55, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Richest Man in the World!'') [[King Harrup II]] (S No. 68, Jan/Feb: "Lois Lane's Royal Romance!''), [[Bizarro]] (Act No. 254, Jul 1959: "The Battle with Bizarro!"), [[Hercules]] (Act No. 267, Aug 1960:"Hercules in the 20th Century!"), and [[Brett Rand]] (S No. 139, Aug 1960: "The New Life of Super-Merman").  
  
 
But in the words of Superman No. 136:
 
But in the words of Superman No. 136:
  
''Again and again [Lois Lane] has refused all other offers of marriage… turning down all kinds of men ... rich, powerful, handsome men… because of her loyal love for the '''Man of Steel!''''' [Apr 1960: “The man who married Lois Lane!]
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''Again and again [Lois Lane] has refused all other offers of marriage... turning down all kinds of men ... rich, powerful, handsome men... because of her loyal love for the '''Man of Steel!''''' [Apr 1960: "The man who married Lois Lane!]
  
Lois Lane actually marries the villain [[Zak-Kul]] in October 1958, in the mistaken belief that she is marrying Superman, but the marriage is annulled soon afterward when it is discovered that the bridegroom was a Superman impostor (Act No. 245:“The Shrinking Supernan!’). And in April 1960 Lois Lane marries [[X-Plam]], a warm hearted man from the mid-twenty-fourth century. This marriage is tragically terminated, however, by the death of the groom soon after the wedding (S No. 136: “The Man Who Married Lois Lane!”).
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Lois Lane actually marries the villain [[Zak-Kul]] in October 1958, in the mistaken belief that she is marrying Superman, but the marriage is annulled soon afterward when it is discovered that the bridegroom was a Superman impostor (Act No. 245:"The Shrinking Supernan!'). And in April 1960 Lois Lane marries [[X-Plam]], a warm hearted man from the mid-twenty-fourth century. This marriage is tragically terminated, however, by the death of the groom soon after the wedding (S No. 136: "The Man Who Married Lois Lane!").
  
By and large, however, Lois Lane has persistently rejected her numerous suitors “because of her optimistic, persistent hope that she will some day become the bride of the Man of Steel!" (S No. 130, Aug 1960: The New Life of Super-Merman!”). (TGSB)
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By and large, however, Lois Lane has persistently rejected her numerous suitors "because of her optimistic, persistent hope that she will some day become the bride of the Man of Steel!" (S No. 130, Aug 1960: The New Life of Super-Merman!"). (TGSB)
  
 
== Lois Lane's Relatives ==
 
== Lois Lane's Relatives ==
  
Lois Lane’s relatives include her younger sister, [[Lucy Lane]] (Act No. 272, Jan 1961: “Superman’s Rival, Mental Man!”; and others), her aunt [[Bernice Brainard]] (S No. 24/3, Sep/Oct 1943: “Surprise for Superman!”), her niece [[Susie Tompkins]] (Act No.98, Jul 1946: “Starring Susie!”; and others), and her uncle [[Ned Lane]], described as “a famous authority on the legends of King Arthur’s court!” (Act No. 269, Oct 1960: “The Truth Mirror!”).  
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Lois Lane's relatives include her younger sister, [[Lucy Lane]] (Act No. 272, Jan 1961: "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!"; and others), her aunt [[Bernice Brainard]] (S No. 24/3, Sep/Oct 1943: "Surprise for Superman!"), her niece [[Susie Tompkins]] (Act No.98, Jul 1946: "Starring Susie!"; and others), and her uncle [[Ned Lane]], described as "a famous authority on the legends of King Arthur's court!" (Act No. 269, Oct 1960: "The Truth Mirror!").  
  
One text contains a reference to a married sister of Lois’s who is Susie Tompkins’s mother, but this sister never actually appears in the chronicles (Act No. 59, Apr 1943: “Cinderella- -a la Superman!”). Lois Lane’s descendants include [[Lois 4XR]], a great-great-great-great-granddaughter—and a perfect Lois Lane look-alike—living in the thirtieth century C.E. (S No. 57/2, Mar/Apr 1949: “Every Man
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One text contains a reference to a married sister of Lois's who is Susie Tompkins's mother, but this sister never actually appears in the chronicles (Act No. 59, Apr 1943: "Cinderella- -a la Superman!"). Lois Lane's descendants include [[Lois 4XR]], a great-great-great-great-granddaughter—and a perfect Lois Lane look-alike—living in the thirtieth century C.E. (S No. 57/2, Mar/Apr 1949: "Every Man
Superman!”).
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Superman!").
  
 
== Lois Lane's Look-alikes ==
 
== Lois Lane's Look-alikes ==
  
Interestingly, quite a few other women are perfect Lois Lane look-alikes, including actress [[Brenda Manning]] (WF No. 40, May/Jun 1949: “The Two Lois Lanes!”), the [[Tiger Woman]] (Act No. 195, Aug 1954:
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Interestingly, quite a few other women are perfect Lois Lane look-alikes, including actress [[Brenda Manning]] (WF No. 40, May/Jun 1949: "The Two Lois Lanes!"), the [[Tiger Woman]] (Act No. 195, Aug 1954:
“Lois Lane... Wanted!”), and [[Sylvia]], the wife of [[Van-Zee]] (S No. 158, Jan 1963: “Superman in Kandor” pts. IIII ”Invasion of the Mystery Super-Men!”; “The Dynamic Duo of Kandor!”; “The City of Super-People!”; and others).
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"Lois Lane... Wanted!"), and [[Sylvia]], the wife of [[Van-Zee]] (S No. 158, Jan 1963: "Superman in Kandor" pts. IIII "Invasion of the Mystery Super-Men!"; "The Dynamic Duo of Kandor!"; "The City of Super-People!"; and others).
  
 
('''see also''' [[Lois Lane of Earth-2]]; [[Lois Lane of Earth-3]])
 
('''see also''' [[Lois Lane of Earth-2]]; [[Lois Lane of Earth-3]])

Latest revision as of 15:09, 19 January 2012

Lois lane.jpg

Lois Lane

The persistent, curious, impulsive, intelligent, headstrong, audacious, hard-working, ambitious, lovely woman reporter for the Metropolis Daily Planet who is, second only to Superman himself, the single most important person in the chronicled adventures of Superman, fulfilling as she does the tripartite role of Clark Kent's journalistic colleague, Superman's romantic pursuer, and the person most tirelessly determined to verify her long-held suspicion that Clark Kent is secretly Superman. Lois Lane appears in the chronicles more often than any other character except Superman, and is the only supporting character to have appeared in the chronicles since their inception in June 1938 (Act No. 1).

Contents

Lois Lane's Personal Life

Lois Lane by Joe Shuster

Lois Lane, the daughter of Sam and Ella Lane (SF No. 172, Aug/Sep 1975), was born on her parents' farm, near the U.S. town of Pittsdale (SGLL No. 68, Sep/Oct 1966). The month when she was born is impossible to determine, for her birthday is celebrated in the chronicles in September-October (WF No. 36, Sep/Oct 1948: "Lois Lane, Sleeping Beauty"), in November-December (S No. 37/2, Nov/Dec 1945: "Pranks for Profit!"), and in December (Act No. 139, Dec 1949: "Clark Kent...Daredevil!").

Lois appears to have had two sisters: a younger sister, Lucy Lane (Act No. 272, Jan 1961: "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!"; and others), and a second sister, whose first name is never given, who married a man named Tompkins and gave birth to a daughter, Susie Tompkins (Act No. 59, Apr 1943: "Cinderella --a la Superman!"; see also Act No. 98, Jul 1946: "Starring Susie!"), who is Lois Lane's niece. Some accounts attribute the appearances of Susie Tompkins to an Earth-2 reality (See Lois Lane of Earth-2). The Earth-1 Lois Lane has a cousin named Louis Lane who resides in Pittsdale (S No. 349, Jul 1980: "The Turnabout Trap").

Lois attended school in Pittsdale (SGLL No. 68, Sep/Oct 1966). Her closest friend in high school was a girl named Helen, who later became the wife of Bill Minton (WF No. 21, Mar/Apr 1946: "The Planeof Tomorrow!"). Lois's high-school beau was Finney Floor (S No. 66/3, Sep/Oct 1950: "The Machine that Played Cupid!"). After high school, Lois attended Raleigh College, not far from Metropolis, where she exhibited a keen aptitude for science (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965: ptsI-II --"The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine!"; "The Secret of the New Supergirl!"), honed her fledgling journalism skills on the Raleigh Review (SGLL No. 68, Sep/Oct 1966), and displayed a sufficient artistic talent to acquire a reputation as the "class artist" (Act No. 272, Jan 1961: "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!"). Lois's school-mate Brett Rand had a crush on her during this period, but there is no indication that she ever reciprocated his affections (S No. 139/1, Aug 1960: "The New Life of Super-Merman!").

After graduation (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965: pts. I-II --"The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine"; "The Secret of the New Supergirl!"), Lois set out for Metropolis, determined to fulfill her "lifelong ambition" to become "the best reporter in Metropolis" (Act No. 202, Mar 1955: "Lois Lane's X-Ray Vision!"). She may have taken "a course in nursing" during this period (Act No. 191, Apr 1954: "Calling Doctor Superman!") or served a stint as a waitress at Harry's Dog House (WF No. 47, Aug/Sep 1950: "The Girl Who Hated Reporters!"). Eventually, however, she obtained employment on the Daily Star (Act No. 1, Jun 1938; and others), followed by employment on its successor in the chronicles, the Daily Planet (S No. 4/1-4, Spr 1940; Act No. 23, Apr 1940; and others).

Lois Lane resides in apartment #1705 (S No. 40/1, May/Jun 1946: "The Mxyztplk-Susie Alliance!") of the Ritz Plaza Apartments (S No. 47/2, Jul/Aug 1947: "Susie Reforms!"), an elevator apartment building (Act No. 61, Jun 1943: "The Man They Wouldn't Believe!") in Metropolis (S No. 47/2, Jul/Aug 1947: "Susie Reforms!"; and many others) located not far from the home of her friend and colleague Clark Kent (S No. 40/1, May/Jun 1946: "The Mxyztplk-Susie Alliance!"). Described as "a cozy little apartment that is neat as a pin," the apartment is filled with pictures of Superman. Lois customarily rides the subway to and from work, stopping at Crump's Market for groceries on the way home. At various times over the years, she has shared the apartment with her close friend Peggy Wilkins (S No. 61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!"; see also Act No. 143, Apr 1950: "The Bride of Superman!"), her friend Lorraine Jennings (S No. 76/3, May/Jun 1952: "Mrs. Superman!"), her sister Lucy Lane (S No. 142/1, Jan 1961: "Lois Lane's Secret Helper!"; and others), and journalist Lana Lang (S No. 78/3, Sep/Oct 1952: "The Girls in Superman's Life!"; Showcase No. 9/1, Jul/Aug 1957: "The Girl in Superman's Past"), who has at times been her rival for the affections of Superman (Act No. 302, Jul 1963: "The Amazing Confession of Super-Perry White!"; and others). Lois Lane's closest friends are Jimmy Olsen, Perry White, and Clark Kent (Act No. 210, Nov 1955: "Superman in Superman Land"; and many others).

Lois Lane has black hair, which she has worn in a wide variety of styles. She has been described as "glamorous" (S No. 34/2, May/Jun 1945: "The Canyon That Went Berserk!"), "lovely" (S No. 68/2, Jan/Feb 1951: "Lois Lane's Royal Romance!"), and "gorgeous" (S No. 138/3, Jul 1960: "The Mermaid from Atlantis!"). In the opinion of the hero Hercules, she is "as pretty as an ancient Roman goddess!" (Act No.267, Aug 1960:"Hercules in the 20th Century!").

According to Superman No. 125/1, Lois Lane has a rare blood type (Nov 1958: "Lois Lane's Super-Dream"). She adores strawberries (S No. 99/3, Aug 1955: "The Incredible Feats of Lois Lane!") and favors "a special lipstick which has a peach flavor" (Act No. 306, Nov 1963: "The Great Superman Impersonation!"). Particularly during the 1940s, Lois displays a fondness for fashionable hats, which Clark Kent is forever making fun of (S No. 24/3, Sep/Oct 1943: "Surprise for Superman!"; and others). Practically any occasion provides Lois with an excuse for buying a new one. "My goodness!" she exclaims in January-February 1949. "The Prankster has outsmarted Superman twice in a row! I'm so upset, I'm going to buy a new hat, that always cheers me up!" (S No. 56/1: "The Prankster Picks a Partner!").

Lois Lane's Professional Career

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Lois Lane is "the Daily Planet's star woman reporter" (WF No. 47, Aug/Sep 1950: "The Girl Who Hated Reporters!"), ranking alongside Clark Kent in the Daily Planet's reportorial hierarchy. Described as the newspaper's "sob sister" (S No.7/1, Nov Dec 1940; and others) and as its lovelorn columnist (Act No. 44, Jan 1942; and others) in many early texts, Lois Lane has risen through the journalistic ranks to become one of the Daily Planet's "star reporters" (S No.27/1, Mar/Apr 1941; "The Palace of Perilous Play!"; and others) and, with Clark Kent, one of the newspaper's "two brightest satellites" (S No. 26/2, Jan/Feb 1944: "Comedians' Holiday!"). Particularly adept at covering local news (S No. 44/3, Jan/Feb 1947: "Shakespeare's Ghost Writer!"), she has performed the full range of journalistic duties, including stints as wan correspondent (Act No. 23, Apr 1940); weather editor, described as "one of the lowliest jobs on any newspaper" (WF No. 25, Nov 1946: "Mad Weather in Metropolis!" see also WF No. 51, Apr/May: "The Amazing Talents of Lois Lane!"); question and answer editor and head of the lost and found department (WF No.51, Apr/May 1951: "The Amazing Talents of Lois Lane!"); editor of the Daily Planet's Paris edition (Act No. 203, Apr'55: "The International Daily Planet staff cartoonist (Act No. 72, Jan 1961: "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!"); and "acting editor" in the absence of editor Perry White (S No.1 124/1, Sep 1958: "The Super-Sword!).

The texts describe Lois Lane as a "courageous girl reporter" (Act No. 27, Aug 1940), a "glamorous girl reporter" (S No. 34 2, May/Jun 1945: "The Canyon That Went Berserk!"), "a competent reporter who's always on the job" (S No. 61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!"), "one of Metropolis's smartest reporters" (S No. 68/2, Jan/Feb 1951: "Lois Lane's Royal Romance!"), the "star girl reporter for the Daily Planet" (Act No. 172, Sep 1952: "Lois Lane...Witch!"), the "audacious girl reporter of the Daily Planet" (Act No. 189, Feb 1954: "Clark Kent's New Mother and Father!"), "the prettiest girl reporter in Metropolis" (Act No. 195, Aug 1954: "Lois Lane Wanted!"), a "well-known newspaperwoman" (S No. 109 Nov 1956: "The Puppet with X-Ray Eyes"), and a "famous reporter" (Act No. 225, Feb 1957: "The Death of Superman").

Lois Lane is also referred to as "Clark Kent's rival reporter at the Daily Planet" (Act No. 176, Jan 1953: "Muscles for Money"). Indeed, the rivalry between these "two famed reporters" (Act No. 58, Mar 1943: "The Face of Adonis!") is a keen one. Lois, in particular, is fiercely, sometimes unscrupulously, competitive, resorting to such tactics as intercepting Kent's telephone messages (S No. 14, Jan/Feb 1942; and others), sending him off on wild-goose chases (Act No. 5, Oct 1938; and others), and even seducing him into letting her accompany him on an interview and then slipping knockout drops into his drink so that she can cover the story alone(Act No.6, Nov 1938).

Although, particularly after 1940, Lois Lane and Clark Kent develop a friendly working relationship and frequently cover news assignments together, their reportorial rivalry has remained a heated one for four full decades and continues to constitute one of the major themes of the chronicles. The texts repeatedly refer to them as the Daily Planet's "best reporters" (S No. 44/1, Jan/Feb 1947: "Playthings of Peril!"), its "star reporters" (S No. 27/1, Mar/Apr 1944: "The Palace of Perilous Play!"; and others), and as the "two best-known reporters" in Metropolis (WF No. 23, Jan/Aug 1946: "The Colossus of Metropolis!").

In the largest sense, however, the Lane-Kent reportorial rivalry is a sham, for the headline stories for which they compete so assiduously are invariably stories about Superman, and the outcome of the contest to see which of them can publish a particular story first is just as invariably determined by whether Superman decides to give Lois Lane an exclusive account or to write it up himself as reporter Clark Kent. (TGSB)

Nevertheless, "newspaper reporting is [Lane's] first love" (S No. 58/2, May/Jun 1949: "Lois Lane Loves Clark Kent!"), and she is capable of "running any risk to get a scoop story (WF No. 84, May/Jun 1953: "The Death of Lois Lane"). "... I guess I've got printer's ink in my veins," muses Lois in November-December 1946 ("Lois Lane, Actress!").

Indeed, Lois Lane is renowned "throughout the world" for her "courage and ingenuity in getting scoops" (S No. 181/1, Nov 1965:"The Super-Scoops of Morna Vine!"; "The Secret of the New Supergirl"), and her "mania for scoops" or "scoop craziness", has tended to lead her to do almost anything in pursuit of a hot story. In the course of a journalistic career that has spanned four decades, she has scaled Mount Everest (S No. 49/2, Nov/Dec 1947: "Clark Kent's Most Dangerous Assignment!"); worked as a trapeze artist (S No. 63 Mar/Apr 1950: "Miss Metropolis of 1950") and as a private detective (WF No. 45, Apr/May 1950: "Lois Lane and Clark Kent, Detectives!"); journeyed to sunken Atlantis (S No. 67/2, Nov/Dec 1950: "The City Under the Sea") and explored the planet Venus (Act No. 152, Jan 1951: "The Sleep That Lasted 1000 Years"); worked as a policewoman (S No. 84 Sep/Oct 1953: "Lois Lane, Policewoman!") and joined the WACS (S No. 82/1, May/Jun 1953: "Lois Lane Joins the WACS"); journeyed into outer space as one of the passengers aboard America's first manned spaceship (Act No. 242, Jul 1958: "The Super-Duel in Space"); and been launched alone into Earth orbit in an experimental satellite after being designated "America's first female astronaut" by the National Astronautic Space Administration (S No. 165, Nov 1963: "Beauty and the Super-Beast" and "Circe's Super Slave!").

In recognition of her unexcelled work as a reporter, Lois Lane has received numerous awards, including "the annual trophy for prize reporting," awarded to her at a "newspapermen's banquet" in Metropolis Hall in May-June 1950, and an honorary professor ship in journalism at Quinn College (S No. 64/1: "Professor Lois Lane!"); the coveted Wilson Award, awarded to her by "well-known civic leader" Cyrus Wilson in March 1952 for being "the bravest reporter of the year" (Act No. 166: "The Three Scoops of Death!"); and the highly regarded Metropolis Journalism Award, awarded to her in July-August 1953 as Metropolis's most outstanding reporter (WF No. 65; "The Confessions of Superman!"). In May-June 1950, Lois Lane is chosen Metropolis's "Queen of Charities" in recognition of "her many helpful newspaper stories" on behalf of philanthropic causes (S No.64 2: "The Isle of Giant Insects!"), and in July-August 1953, she is chosen as "the bravest woman in America" in a contest sponsored by the Daily Planet (S No. 83/2: "The Search for the Bravest Woman!").

Lois Lane's other activities

In addition to her work at the Daily Planet, Lois Lane is involved in a myriad of other activities. She is chairman of The Super-Saved Club (WF No. 41, Jul/Aug 1949: "The Discovery of Supermanium!") and the Super Sorority (Act No. 235, Dec 1957: "The Super-Prisoner of Amazon Island"), is the "champion dart-thrower of [her] club" (S No. 143/2, Feb 1961: "Lois Lane's Lucky Day!"), and has a "regular weekly broadcast" on Metropolis radio station WCOD (S No. 61/1, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Prankster's Radio Program!"). In addition, Lois Lane has served as a beauty-contest judge (S No. 45/3, Mar/Apr 1947: "The Case of the Living Trophies!") and portrayed herself Charles Lamont's movie The Life of Superman (S No. 70/2, May/Jun 1951: "The Life of Superman!").

Lois Lane's obsession with uncovering Superman's secret identity

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Perhaps the only major news story that has consistently eluded Lois Lane is the secret of Superman's dual identity, although the texts are inconsistent on the question of whether Lois Lane would actually publish the secret if she were to learn it (S No. 75/3, Mar/Apr 1952: "The Man Who Stole Memories!"; and others) or whether she would keep the secret to herself in order to avoid damaging the Man of Steel's super-heroic career.

Clark Kent expresses his own opinion on the question in March 1952: "If Lois exposes my secret identity," he muses, "it will give her the world's greatest scoop! She couldn't resist that!" (S No. 75/3: "The Man Who Stole Memories!").

Although Lois Lane first meets Superman in June 1938 (Act No. 1), it is not until June 1940 that she expresses even a mild interest in learning his secret identity (Act No. 25), and not until November-December 1940 that she expresses a real desire to ferret it out (S No. 7/2). In July-August 1941, for the first time in the chronicles, Lois Lane raises the possibility that Clark Kent might possibly be Superman (S No. 11/1), but not until .July-August 1942 does she actively begin to suspect "that Clark Kent and Superman are one and the same!" (S No. 17/1: "Man or Superman?"). Since that time, the discovery of Superman's secret identity has remained one of Lois Lane's constant preoccupations, and her efforts to learn the secret constitute one of the major themes of the chronicles. Despite her persistent efforts to verify her suspicion that Clark Kent is secretly Superman, however, the Man of Steel has always managed, often through the use of elaborate ruses, to persuade her that her suspicions were groundless, or at the very least not conclusively proven.

By the time of the 1970s chronicles, however, Lois Lane comes to discard this obssession as an inconsiderate invasion of Superman's privacy.

Lois Lane's Aliases

Lois Lane as the Pseudokryptonian Rama

In the course of her lengthy career as a journalist Lois Lane has, for a variety of purposes, often employed disguises and alternate identities. Among the pen names and aliases employed by Lois Lane are Miss Henkel, Miss Andrews, Mrs. Moffatt, Priscilla Rhodes, Rama, Kay Andrews and Miss Tracy. In a series of Imaginary Stories Lois Lane takes on the personae of Krypton Girl, Power Girl and Superwoman.

Lois Lane: The Feminist

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In the texts, Lois Lane is described as "courageous" (Act No. 27, Aug 1940), "headstrong" (Act No. 43, Dec 1941), "reckless" and "stubborn" (Act No. 122, Jul 1948: "The Super Sideshow!"), "audacious" (WF No. 64, May/Jun 1953:"The Death of Lois Lane"), "impetuous" and "impulsive" (Act No. 262, Mar 1960: "When Superman Lost His Powers!"), and "inquisitive" (Act No. 269, Oct 1960: "The Truth Mirror!"). She is outspoken, sometimes to the point of abrasiveness, in defense of her convictions (S No. 16/4, May/Jun 1942: "Racket on Delivery"; and others), and she is adored by her co-workers for her "heart of gold"(WF No. 36, Sep/Oct 1948: "Lois Lane, Sleeping Beauty"). "That Lane dame has more spunk," remarks an anonymous helicopter pilot in November 1963, "than a squad of marines!" (S No. 165/1: pts. I-II—"Beauty and the Super-Beast!"; "Circe's Super-Slave").

Lois Lane has always harbored strong convictions concerning the equality, if not outright superiority, of women, and has bridled at the suggestion that any reportorial assignment, no matter how hazardous, is "no job for a girl!" (Act No. 5, Oct 1938; and others). These convictions could easily be regarded as hypocritical in light of the constant professional assistance that Lois receives from Superman, but Lois has no apparent difficulty resolving the discrepancy between her independent views and her frequently dependent behavior. In March 1951, for example, when she is on the verge of being disqualified from a Daily Planet sponsored contest designed to determine "who's more able to live alone under primitive conditions: the man or the woman" because of her having accepted unauthorized assistance from Superman, Lois makes this remark: "Wait...! admit getting help from Superman, but.. .that actually proves women's superiority! Don't you see?. ..Women's strength has lain in their ability to get men to help them!" It is a tribute to Lois Lane's persuasive powers that the judges on this occasion withdraw their threat of disqualification and declare her the winner (Act No. 154: "Miss Robinson Crusoe!").


Lois Lane's penchant for getting into trouble

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Because Lois Lane is fearless to the point of foolhardiness (S No. 21/2, Mar/Apr 1943: "The Four Gang leaders"; and many others), she is forever getting into serious trouble from which only Superman can extricate her, something the Man of Steel has done on easily a thousand occasions. In the words of Superman No. 4 1/2:

If Superman had a medal for every time he's rescued Lois Lane, he'd have enough metal to build a battleship, for, as all Metropolis knows, these rescues have run the gamut from bandits to burning buildings. Extricating Lois from trouble has become daily routine for Superman! (Jul/Aug 1946: "Clark Kent's Bodyguard!").

Lois Lane's penchant for "getting into trouble" is alluded to in the chronicles repeatedly. In May-June 1941 Clark Kent describes it as her "favorite sport" S No. 10/3), and in November-December 1952 he muses that Lois "has a genius for getting into trouble!" (S No. 79/2: "The End of the Planet!").

"I can't get to sleep—worrying about Lois," thinks Clark Kent to himself in Spring 1942, "...she has a better aptitude for getting into trouble than anyone I've ever known." (WF No. 5: 'The Case of the Flying Castle").

"If anything happened to Lois," observes Superman wryly in July-August 1942, "I'd have to join the ranks of the unemployed!" (S No. 17/1: "Man or Superman?").

And Superman No. 104/1 contains this comment: "Lois Lane seems to have a natural talent for trouble! How often her busy little brain gets her into scrapes where only the Man of Steel can save her!" (Mar 1956: "Lois Lane, Super-Genius").

When Lois Lane does find herself in jeopardy, it is usually for one of the following reasons:

  • (a) In pursuit of a news story, Lois fearlessly, and recklessly, places herself in mortal danger.
  • (b) Criminals attempt to harm her in retaliation for her articles exposing their rackets in the pages of the Daily Planet.
  • (c) Evildoers kidnap her and attempt to hold her hostage as protection against Superman onto force the Man of Steel to do their bidding
  • (d) Evildoers attempt to harm Lois as an indirect means of wreaking vengeance on Superman.

Early on, however, Lois Lane comes to realize that she is under Superman's personal protection and that, no matter how dire her predicament, the Man of Steel will always arrive in time to rescue her. This knowledge has nurtured in Lois a flamboyant self-confidence that borders on the ridiculous.

"For a girl who is in serious danger, you appear singularly unconcerned," remarks the Talon, after he has taken Lois Lane captive in July-August 1942. "Why should I worry," replies Lois smugly, "when Superman has made it his full-time activity to look after helpless me?" (S No. 17/1: "Man or Superman?").

"Luthor will probably kill you the minute he gets here," exclaims one of Lex Luthor's henchmen to a cocky Lois on another, similar occasion, "...yet you have the nerve to grin." "Why shouldn't I?" replies Lois with a smile. "Superman has always managed to show up and save me whenever I was in trouble! I'm sure he won't fail me now!" (S No. 17/4, Jul/Aug '42: "When Titans Clash!").

It is this same reckless self-confidence that informs Lois's response on another occasion, in July- August 1943, after she has been taken captive by a hoodlum in the pay of the Dude. "I don't understand you, lady," remarks the hoodlum. "You should be scared stiff, but you act like you're going to a lawn party!" "Why shouldn't I be cheerful?" laughs Lois. "Just think of the big scoop I'm going to score!" (S No. 23/3: "Fashions in Crime!").

In the early years of her career, Lois Lane frequently carries a small pistol in her purse, both for self-defense and for extorting information from criminals (Act No. 43, Dec 1941; and others). She has apparently abandoned the practice; however, by the end of 1942, perhaps because Superman's constant intervention on her behalf rendered the pistol superfluous.

By the 1970s, Lois Lane eventually learned the Kryptonian marital art of Klurkor in the city of Kandor and became formidable in hand-to-hand combat. This skill served her well in later solo accounts chronicled in Superman Family where her independent investigations led to her defeating numerous criminals without Superman's intervention being necessary.

The Men of the Chronicles

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"Everyone knows that the one love of Lois Lane's life is ...Superman!" (S No.61/2, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Courtship of the Three Lois Lanes!"). Indeed, her most heartfelt desire is to become his bride. For years, observes Action Comics No. 206, "the girl reporter has had her heart set upon becoming Mrs. Superman!" (Jan 1960: "Mighty Maid").

Although Lois has tried innumerable ploys to get Superman to marry her, however, and has even come within a hair's breadth of success on several occasions, she has not yet succeeded despite decades of effort in raising her status beyond that of Superman's girl friend (Act No. 75, Aug 1944: Aesop's Modem Fable,"; and many others). Nevertheless Lois Lane's relationship with Superman in his role as Superman and in his role as Clark Kent, remains an intricate and complex one and constitutes one of the major themes of the chronicles (TGSB).

Lois Lane is fiercely loyal to Superman. She is his staunchest supporter and most ardent fan. She is constantly seeing to it that he receives the fullest measure of public credit for his many good deeds (S No. 16, May/Jun 1942: "The World's Meanest Man; and many others), and she almost always retains her faith in him even when, for the moment, his motives are suspect or his actions unpopular (WF No.6, Sum 1942: Man of Steel versus Man of Metal!; and many others). "...of all Superman's fans," notes Superman No.67, Lois Lane has been the most loyal. nay, at times even fanatic!" (Nov/Dec 1950: "Perry Como, I Love You!"), There have indeed been occasions when Superman's character and integrity were so gravely in doubt that even Lois Lane has temporarily lost faith in him (Act No. 75, Jan 1953: "Muscles for Money"; and others), but these occasions have been few and far between and should not be considered as detracting from Lois's fundamental loyalty.

For years, Lois Lane has maintained scrapbooks containing pictures and accounts of Superman's exploits (S No. 17, Jul/Aug 1942: "Man or Superman?"; and others), one of which she presents to the Man of Steel as a gift in July-August 1947 (WF No. 29: "The Books That Couldn't He Bound!"). In July-August 1943, she remarks that she is in the process of writing a novel based on her experiences with Superman, but it is not possible to determine whether the work has ever been published (S No. 23/2 "Habitual Homicide'). In January-February 1947, Lois Lane assists Superman in the writing of his autobiography which is published soon afterward by Benny Call under the title The Confessions of Superman (WF No. 26: "The Confessions of Superman") Lois Lane has also maintained a personal diary for many years, containing, among other things, an intimate account of her relationship with Superman (S No. 27, Mar/Apr 1944: "Dear Diary"). The diary is kept for safekeeping inside safe-deposit box #113 at the Metropolis Bank (S No. 68, Jan/Feb 1951: "Lois Lane's Royal Romancer"). Superman, for his part, has memorialized his relationship with Lois Lane by dedicating a room to her in his Fortress of Solitude (Act No. 241 Jun: "The Super-Key to Fort Superman" and others). The Fortress also houses at least one Lois Lane robot (Act No 269, Oct 1960: "The Truth Mirror!).

Despite her renowned involvement, with Superman, however, Lois Lane has been ardently pursued by many other men, including Craig Shaw (Act No. 61, Jun 1943: "The Man They Wouldn't Believe!"), Mr. Mxyzptlk (S No.51, Mar/Apr 1945: "Mr. Mxyzptlk Seeks a Wife!"), Stephen Van Schuyler III (S No. 55, Nov/Dec 1949: "The Richest Man in the World!) King Harrup II (S No. 68, Jan/Feb: "Lois Lane's Royal Romance!), Bizarro (Act No. 254, Jul 1959: "The Battle with Bizarro!"), Hercules (Act No. 267, Aug 1960:"Hercules in the 20th Century!"), and Brett Rand (S No. 139, Aug 1960: "The New Life of Super-Merman").

But in the words of Superman No. 136:

Again and again [Lois Lane] has refused all other offers of marriage... turning down all kinds of men ... rich, powerful, handsome men... because of her loyal love for the Man of Steel! [Apr 1960: "The man who married Lois Lane!]

Lois Lane actually marries the villain Zak-Kul in October 1958, in the mistaken belief that she is marrying Superman, but the marriage is annulled soon afterward when it is discovered that the bridegroom was a Superman impostor (Act No. 245:"The Shrinking Supernan!'). And in April 1960 Lois Lane marries X-Plam, a warm hearted man from the mid-twenty-fourth century. This marriage is tragically terminated, however, by the death of the groom soon after the wedding (S No. 136: "The Man Who Married Lois Lane!").

By and large, however, Lois Lane has persistently rejected her numerous suitors "because of her optimistic, persistent hope that she will some day become the bride of the Man of Steel!" (S No. 130, Aug 1960: The New Life of Super-Merman!"). (TGSB)

Lois Lane's Relatives

Lois Lane's relatives include her younger sister, Lucy Lane (Act No. 272, Jan 1961: "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!"; and others), her aunt Bernice Brainard (S No. 24/3, Sep/Oct 1943: "Surprise for Superman!"), her niece Susie Tompkins (Act No.98, Jul 1946: "Starring Susie!"; and others), and her uncle Ned Lane, described as "a famous authority on the legends of King Arthur's court!" (Act No. 269, Oct 1960: "The Truth Mirror!").

One text contains a reference to a married sister of Lois's who is Susie Tompkins's mother, but this sister never actually appears in the chronicles (Act No. 59, Apr 1943: "Cinderella- -a la Superman!"). Lois Lane's descendants include Lois 4XR, a great-great-great-great-granddaughter—and a perfect Lois Lane look-alike—living in the thirtieth century C.E. (S No. 57/2, Mar/Apr 1949: "Every Man Superman!").

Lois Lane's Look-alikes

Interestingly, quite a few other women are perfect Lois Lane look-alikes, including actress Brenda Manning (WF No. 40, May/Jun 1949: "The Two Lois Lanes!"), the Tiger Woman (Act No. 195, Aug 1954: "Lois Lane... Wanted!"), and Sylvia, the wife of Van-Zee (S No. 158, Jan 1963: "Superman in Kandor" pts. IIII "Invasion of the Mystery Super-Men!"; "The Dynamic Duo of Kandor!"; "The City of Super-People!"; and others).

(see also Lois Lane of Earth-2; Lois Lane of Earth-3)

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